אין חובת מבחן
The course is intended to enlighten students as to the theoretical and practical issues involved in the language testing and assessment domain. Students will examine principles and methods of traditional testing and evaluation in the English language classroom. They will become familiar with basic concepts and terminology and will be involved in the creation and trying out of tests, as well as in critiquing teacher-made and external instruments designed to assess English proficiency.
¨ To understand the difficulties in assessing language
¨ To establish the relationship between linguistic knowledge (what does it mean to know a language) and testing/assessing this knowledge
¨ To highlight awareness of the need for valid and reliable assessment of language proficiency.
¨ To acquaint students with the theoretical and practical considerations involved in the language assessment domain.
¨ To expose students to the variety of assessment tools in second language
¨ To provide students with hands-on experience in the preparation and analysis of a variety of assessment tools.
Introduction: background to language testing
Evaluation – assessment – testing
Purpose of assessment – uses and misuses
What does it mean to know a language?
The connection between teaching and testing
Types of language tests
Test validity and reliability
Assessing the different domains and skills
Planning, writing and administering tests
Scoring the test
Test analysis, reporting test results and making decisions
The Israeli assessment culture: Meitzav, Mashov, Bagrut.
Course readings, participation and class work.
A number of assignments throughout the semester- 30%-40%
Final assignment – 60%-70%
The list is not ordered alphabetically but rather according to the order in which you will be required to read the articles.
1. Wade Rand (1997). Testing Deviant! Are You One Also? English Teaching Forum Online. http://eca.state.gov/forum/vols/vol35/no2/p48.htm
(pages 1-3 only)
2. Hughes, A. (1989). Testing for Language Teachers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Chapter 1: Teaching and Testing (will be sent as a PDF file)
Chapter 3: Kinds of Tests and testing (will be sent as a PDF file)
3. Thompson, M. (2001). Putting students to the test. English Teaching Professional. 20, p. 10, 13. (will be distributed in class)
4. Bond, Linda A. (1996). Norm- and criterion-referenced testing. Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 5(2). http://PAREonline.net/getvn.asp?v=5&n=2
5. *Brindley, G. (1997). Assessment and the language teacher: Trends and transition.
6. Kitao, K. & Kitao, K. (1996). Test Design 2: Writing a Good Test, Test specifications.
7. Bachman, L.F. & Palmer, A.S. (1996). Test Usefulness: Qualities of language tests. In Language Testing in practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (pp.17-42)
8. Cushing Weigle, S. (2002). Designing writing assessment tasks. In Assessing Writing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (pp. 77-107).
9. Kitao, K. & Kitao, K. (1996) Testing Writing. Eric.
10. Alderson, C. (2000). Assessing reading. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
11. Kitao, S. K. & Kitao, K. (1996). Testing reading. Eric. http://www1.doshisha.ac.jp/~kkitao/library/article/test/reading.htm
12. Wilfredo Sequera (1995). Construct Validity in Reading Tests. English Teaching Forum Online.
13. Alderson, J.C., Clapham, C. & Wall, D. (1995). Item writing and moderation. In Language tests construction and evaluation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
14. Kitao, S. K. & Kitao, K. (1996). Testing speaking. Eric. http://eric.ed.gov/ERICDocs/data/ ericdocs2sql/content_storage_01/0000019b/80/14/a5/c8.pdf
15. Shreesh Chaudhary (1997). Testing Spoken English as a Second Language. English Teaching Forum Online. http://exchanges.state.gov/forum/vols/vol35/no2/p22.htm
16. Kitao, S. K. & Kitao, K. (1996). Testing communicative competence. The Internet TESL Journal, Vol. II No. 5. http://iteslj.org/Articles/Kitao-Testing.html
17. Kitao, S. K. & Kitao, K. (1996). Testing listening. The Internet TESL Journal, Vol. II No. 7. http://iteslj.org/Articles/Kitao-TestingListening.html
18. Kitao, S. K. & Kitao, K. (1996). Testing grammar
19. Kitao, S. K. & Kitao, K. (1996). Testing vocabulary, Eric. http://eric.ed.gov/ERICDocs/data/ ericdocs2sql/content_storage_01/0000019b/80/14/a5/b3.pdf
20. Kehoe, J. (1995) Writing multiple-choice test items. ERIC/AE Digest.
21. Effective Multiple-Choice Items http://captain.park.edu/facultydevelopment/multiple-choice.htm
22. Writing quality items http://www.park.edu/cetl/quicktips/writingtest.html
- Dewey, A. Russell. Writing Multiple Choice Items which Require Comprehension
- Frary, R. B. (1995). More multiple-choice item writing do’s and don’ts. ERIC/AE Digest http://pareonline.net/getvn.asp?v=4&n=11
- Frisbie, D.A. (1988). Reliability of scores from teacher-made tests. NCME items, Module 5 (fall). http://www.ncme.org/pubs/items/5.pdf
- Kitao, K Doshida & Kitao, K (No date). Test design: Validity & reliability: common problems with test items; Item analysis. http://www1.doshisha.ac.jp/~kkitao/library/article/test/design.htm#validity
- Stiggins, R.J. (1992). High quality classroom assessment: What does it really mean? NCME items, Module 12 (Summer). http://www.ncme.org/pubs/items/19.pdf
- Kitao, K. & Kitao, K. (1996). Reporting the Results of Examinations.
More articles can be found on the following links:
Online Journal: Practical Assessment, Research and Evaluation. http://pareonline.net/Home.htm
Some more references, all available at the seminar’s library, which are recommended for reading:
Alderson, C.J. (2000). Assessing Reading. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bachman, L. (1990). Fundamental Considerations in Language Testing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
McNamara, T. (2000). Language Testing. Oxford University Press.
Read, J. (2000). Assessing Vocabulary. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Shohamy, E. (1985). A Practical Handbook in Language Testing for the Second Language Teacher. Tel-Aviv University.